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Alexandria Travel Guide

INTRODUCTION:

Alexandria is the largest sea port of Egypt and is the country’s second largest city. It sits facing the Mediterranean Sea and is one of the world’s most popular tourist destinations.

Alexandria is one of the most spectacular cosmopolitan cities of the region and accounts for nearly 80% of Egypt’s imports and exports. Due to its importance as business hub, Alexandria’s population is over 3 million.

Alexandria International Airport (El Nouzha Airport) serves the city and flights to Alexandria can be found from many airports of the Arab world along with Athens, Greece in Europe.    

TOURIST ATTRACTIONS:

Historical Monuments:

Citadel of Qaitbay:

This beautiful fortress was built by Mameluke Sultan Abdul-Nasser Qa'it Bay in the year 1477. It overlooks the Mediterranean Sea as well as the city if Alexandria. In 1480, the Citadel was built by Sultan Qaitbay. Indeed, the site is one of the most scenic ones in Alexandria.

Cemetry of Mustafa Kamal:

As clear from its name, the cemetery is home of the grave of 20th century Egyptian Hero, Mustafa Kamal. Apart from his grave, the cemetery is home to 4 tombs dating back to second century BC. They are beautifully decorated and kept in a very good condition.

Roman Catacombs:

These are beautiful ancient burial or protection passageways. They comprise a mix of Roman and Egyptian construction and are best viewed during the day time.

Pompey’s Pillar:

This is a 25 meter high monumental granite column built in 297 AD. It was built to honor Emperor Diocletian and the site of this pillar houses many other ruins as well.

Roman Theater:

This Roman amphitheater was built in second century AD, totally out of white and grey marble. Originally, it was surrounded by Roman villas and baths.

Alexandria Museum, Graeco-Roman Museum, Museum of Fine Arts, Royal Jewelry Museum and National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, chiefly account for increasing demands of Alexandria flights.          

Towards the religious side, Alexandria has historically been and is still home to a number of religions. Thus it homes a number of places of worship. Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria, Abou el-Abbas al-Mursi Mosque, Saint Mark’s Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, Attarine Mosque, The St. Marcos Church and the Tegran Necropolis are places of visit.

Modern Alexandria:

 Bibliotheca Alexandria:

It is built on the site of the ancient library of Alexandria that was once, the world’s biggest library. Bibliotheca Alexandria is now a library, a research center, conference center and a planetarium and it houses precious exhibitions like those of the ancient texts.

Corniche:

This is a beautiful waterfront composed on a 15km walkway on the seaside. It is filled with restaurants, markets and historical buildings. 

Furthermore, the city has many exotic beaches for relaxation and water sports, casinos, bars, cafes, clubs, restaurants, malls, coffee shops, gardens, cinemas, bookshops and sporting facilities to keep the visitors buy.

WEATEHR:

1ST Quarter:

The months of January and February experience a temperature range of11oC to 19oC while in March, the range increases at 13oC to 21oC. Within this quarter, precipitation is highest in January with 44mm of rainfall, 24 in February and lowest in March with 15mm. Consequently, January faces the highest number of rainy days which is 10. Sunshine hours increase from 7 in January to 8 in February and 9 in March. As per precipitation, January is the most humid month if this quarter.     

2nd Quarter:

The second quarter sees temperatures considerably increasing after April when the temperature range is between 13oC and 21oC. In May, temperatures range between 18oC and 26oC while in June, 21oC to 28oC remains the average temperature range. Rainfall is scanty during this time with 0mm in the last month of second quarter, 2mm in the first and 1mm in the second month. Humidity ranges between 66% and 71% in April and June respectively through 68% in May. Considering all the weather affecting factors, the second quarter is considered the most tourist friendly time of the city. During these months, many tourists rush to grab a cheap flight to Alexandria for them.

3rd Quarter:

The third quarter comprises of three hot months when the highest temperature is maintained at 30oC and the lowest are 23oC in July and September. The lowest temperature for August is 24oC. There is absolutely no rainfall during this quarter but humidity levels are high. A good amount of sunshine is experienced for at least 11 to 12 hours. It could be considered another favorable time to visit Alexandria but humidity makes it slightly discomforting.  

4th Quarter:

During the months of October, November and December, temperatures fall but it never gets cold in the city. 20oC-28oC, 17oC-25oC and 13oC21oC are the average temperature ranges of the three months respectively. This makes December the coldest month of the last quarter. Rainfall is highest in the month of December at 59mm and lowest in October at 10m. November enjoys a moderate of 8mm rain. Humidity levels in the atmosphere remain at a norm but December, owing to a vast amount of rainfall, is the most humid month.