East London is located on the Indian Ocean, towards the east of the South African province of Eastern Cape. The city’s economy is largely dependant on manufacturing and industry and it is the second largest industrial hub in the province. Manufacturing of Mercedes-Benz vehicles and exporting them to the United Sates is an eminent business in the city.
East London is a small city and boasts a tranquil environment with endless scenic beauty. Its perfection as a holiday resort has considerably increased tourism in the city over the past few years. The beach remains a favorite sport of European travelers.
Each year, thousands of tourists flock to the city for vacationing. To get to the city, tourists need to fly off to Cape Town, Johannesburg, Durban or Port Elizabeth and then head on by getting a cheap flight to East London.
East London Aquarium:
East London Aquarium is known to be the oldest public aquarium in South Africa. It opened up in the year 1931 with the intent of housing and care taking of local marine life. Hundreds of species of from ocean, which are victimized by water pollution or any other problem, are brought to the aquarium for aide.
Since the aquarium is meant to serve and not trap the animals, donations are highly welcomed by the authorities. Nature lovers and people related to NGOs can visit East London in order to aide of these exotic species.
Hundreds of seabirds, dolphins, turtles, clawed lobster, Cape Pigmy and Southern Right Wales along with other unique marine creatures can be seen here.
East London Zoo:
Encompassing 10 out of 45 hectares of a coastal forest, these zoo is home to, many species of local wildlife while the surrounding forest makes up for a zoological garden. The zoological gardens have been maintained to preserve and showcase the indigenous plants, especially the cycads, which can be largely seen in the zoo area as well.
An old fountain gifted to the city of East London in the early 20th century has been placed in the zoo. It has been maintained and kept in a very good condition. The fountain not only adds to the beauty of the place but also houses the Koi Fish.
The 47 mammal species of the zoo include chimpanzees and leopards along with other primates and big cats. There are 7 reptile species from which leopard tortoises are the most interesting of all. Nyala, blue duiker, blue cranes, springbok and emu are amongst the 38 beautiful bird species housed at the zoo.
East London Musueum:
East London Museum is home to not only local history, arts and crafts but high emphasis has been laid on artifacts and species from the ocean. Different subjects have been divided amongst different art deco stylized galleries. Border Gallery showcases the history and culture of the region portraying Nguni beadwork. Costume Gallery has a beautiful display of dresses ranging from Victorian Era to those of 1930s. At the Maritime gallery, model ships and shipwreck artifacts are found.
The world’s only remaining egg of the extinct Dodo bird, a re-enacted version of an extinct flightless bird of Mauritius and coelacanth are housed in the Natural History Gallery. Coelacanth is a fish inhabiting the Indian Ocean since 400 million years and was thought to be extinct until it was accidentally found in East London in 1938.
Inkwenkwezi Game Reserve:
Just a five minutes drive from East London Airport, the Inkwenkwezi Game Reserve is one of the finest national parks in the country. It is home to the African Big Five and has been designed keeping in mind the tourists’ standards of luxury. Apart from wildlife species, the game reserve comprises a varied topography and has a fine restaurant as well as a luxury spa. South Africa’s classiest weddings are arranged at the site with a wilderness background and elegant wines, lighting and dancing featured.
Mpongo Private Game Reserve:
Mpongo Game Reserve is where tourists can settle in high-end yet affordable suites and enjoy the wildlife. Four out of the African Big Five can be seen here including; rhinoceros, elephant, lion and buffalo. A number of bird species along with hyenas, hippos, giraffes and antelopes can also be spotted here. Very fine safari weddings can also be arranged here.
The temperature ranges from 17oC to 25oC for the first three months of the year while rainfalls increase and daily sunlight hours decrease. In January, the precipitation measures up to 60mm which rises to 100mm until February and 110mm in March which is the highest in the year. 14 hours of sunlight are found in the month of January which reduces to 12 hours until February and no more than 11 hours in March. Humidity increases from 20% in January to 40% in March through 30% in February.
Temperatures in the second quarter decrease from 15oC-24oC in April to 13oC-23oC in May and 10oC-20oC in June. Precipitation data of the East London shows that downpours decrease from 80mm in April to 40mm in June through 50mm in May. Humidity decreases from 35% to 30% to 20% in April, May and June respectively. 11 hours of daily sunshine are enjoyed by the months of April and May while June manages to find 10 hours of daily sunlight.
Temperatures do not rise higher than 20oC in July, August and September. Lowest minimum temperatures range from10oC in July to 11oC in August to 13oC in September. Precipitation increases from 40mm in July to maintain at 80mm for the months of August and September. 19% of humidity rises from July to August at 30% and maintains as such until September. Sunlight hours increase at a difference of 1 hour for the three months. July sees 11 hours, august sees 12 hours and September sees 12 hours of daily sunshine.
The month of October enjoys 13 hours of daily sunlight and this time increases to 14 hours for November and 15 hours for December. The first two months of the last quarter of the year experience 10mm of rainfall which measures up to 70mm in the months of November and December. 4% of humidity rises considerably to 20% from October to November and this level of 20% maintains throughout December. Minimum daily temperatures rise from 19oC to 20oC to 24oC during the three months in order while maximum temperature rises from 21oC in October to 24oC in November and 26oC in December.