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Egypt Travel Guide

INTRODUCTION:

Egypt, officially known as the Arab Republic of Egypt, is located in North Easter Africa and is bordered with Jordan, Gaza Strip, Saudia Arabia, Israel, Sudan and Libya.  It is one of the most popular African destinations because of its rich ancient history. Temples, mummies, hieroglyphs and the Pyramids, this is what tourists get while visiting Egypt. It’s the cultural blend of Islam and Coptic Christianity hence; a lot of mosques, Churches and monasteries are seen there. Egypt remains crammed with Europeans and Americans tourists therefore; the demand of cheap flights to Egypt is on its peak.

MAJOR CITIES:

Cairo: is the capital of Egypt and is one of the largest cities of Africa. It’s a never sleep city that offers museums, parks, shopping malls, vibrant nightlife and many more.

Alexandria:  is the second largest city of Egypt after Cairo. It is the witness of so many historical events and legends as it was founded by Alexander the Great in 331 BC.  

Aswan: is located in Southern side of Egypt. Aswan is more relaxed city as compared to other major Egyptian cities.

Luxor: is the most popular destination for Nile Valley and Southern Egypt. It offers spectacular river scenery, deserts and ancient royal tombs to its travelers.

Hurghada:  is located on the West bank of Red Sea and remains crowded with East European and Russian tourists.

GET IN

Entry Visa

Egyptian economy is highly dependent on tourism industry. It is not hard to obtain the Egyptian visa as Egypt is a popular tourist destination. In order to visit Egypt as a tourist, a tourist visa is required which is valid for 3 months. Entry Visa is used by those who wish to work or study in Egypt or visit under any other circumstances apart from tourism. This visa has to be obtained in order to find a living in Egypt. Transit visa can only be applied by certain nationalities. For non-Egyptian travelers, a valid passport is also required.
Updated information about acquiring of visa needs to be kept. For different countries, Egypt has set different rules regarding visa and its requirements. There are many nations whose nationals need not to have any visa beforehand and are provided with one, at the port of entry. On the other hand, there is a long list of countries whose locals are strictly ordered to show their visa on arriving. Different types of visas are got from different places so it is important to know the type of visa required and all information regarding its possession

Flying to Egypt

Well Egypt has several international airport including, Cairo International Airport, Alexandria Nozha, Luxor International Airport, Aswan International Airport, Hurghada International Airport, Sharm El-Sheikh International Airport, Burg Al-Arab International Airport and Marsa Alam International Airport. Well it’s up to you that which airport you select for Egypt flights but the primary entry point of Egypt is Cairo International Airport. Egypt Air, British Airways, Singapore Airlines, Air France and Lufthansa are main airlines that serve CAI. Egypt Air widely serves its country with flights to Egypt from many African, Europe, Asian and American countries.  Luxor International Airport welcomes numerous flights from European and Middle Eastern routes whereas; Hurghada and Sharm El Sheikh International Airport receive number of charter flights.

GET AROUND

By Plane

Egypt Air has a wide domestic network around Egypt including cities and towns. The most common and popular places are Luxor, Abu Simbel, Aswan, Sharm el Sheikh, Marsa Matruh, Alexandria, Hurghada, Kharga Oasis and Marsa Alam where Egypt Air schedule its domestic flights. The fares are relatively cheap and can be attained from any office branch of Egypt Air located around the country.

By Boat

Well if you like to float over water then visit Sharm el sheikh on farry from Red sea Resort of Hurghada. Furries run between Sharm El Sheikh and Hurghanda which take 90 minutes to reach.

By Train

The Egyptian National Railways company runs almost all trains in Egypt; trains run on daily basis between Cairo and Alexandria. Abele Egypt is a private company that schedules train services from Cairo to Aswan, Luxor. Maximum trains encompass first class and second class seats, though the first class ticket is more expensive as compared to 2nd class ticket but its journey will be comparably more comfortable. Tickets can be booked from any railway station but you would need a moderate level of patience. Advance booking is highly recommended but ticket can also be obtained on the spot.

By Bus

There are many government owned companies which provide bus services. The top companies are El Gouna, West Delta, Upper Egypt, Godlen Arrow, Pullman, Super Jet, Upper Egypt Bus and few more. Each bus service allows passengers to have advance booking.

By Taxi

Taxi is relatively cheaper option to get around the country. In Cairo, taxis are of black color, in Luxor they are blue and white and in Alexandria yellow and black taxies are used. In Sharm el Sheikh you can find metered taxis which are not available anywhere else in the country. Before hiring a taxi you should ask for the deserved prices from any local person or traffic constable.  Don’t remember to negotiate on price before getting in taxi, don’t you worry the taxi drivers know enough English to response you in a better way.

TOURISTS ATTRACTIONS:

Giza:

Giza is situated in west of Cairo, the capital city of Egypt, and is popular because of Pyramids. The Pyramids of Giza are located in desert plateau and represent the ancient history of Egypt. Once your cheap flights to Cairo gets landed in Cairo International airport it becomes easier to get to Giza via taxi. Giza offers the Great Pyramid of Khufu, Solar Barque Museum, Pyramid of Khafra, Pyramid of Menkaure, and Temple of the Sphnix, Queens’ Pyramids and many more.

The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities:

The Egyptian Museum is one of the greatest museums of the world and is located on the northern side of Midan Tahrir. It comprises of gigantic building that houses almost 136,000 exhibited items. The whole museum is divided into seven sections names as Tutankhamen’s treasures, Pre-dynasty and Old Kingdom monuments, First Intermediate period and Middle Kingdom monuments, Monuments of the Middle Kingdom, Monuments of the late period and the Greek and Roman periods, Coins and Papri and Sarcophagi and scarabs.

The Valley of Kings:

The Valley of Kings is located just behind the west bank of Luxor and is also known as Biban el Moluk and Wadi el Muluk. It’s the burial place for most of the pharaohs which increase its popularity among international archeologists.

Some other must visit tourists attractions are; the temples of Abu Simbel, Memphis, the sight of Sinai Peninsula and the temples of Luxor etc.

LANGUAGES:

Egyptian language is one of the oldest languages in the world. The Egyptian Arabic is widely spoken language in Egypt. It is also a national language and is spoken by 76 million people. Coptic language was replaced by Egyptian Arabic but still the Coptic Church uses the same language. Standard Arabic is the official language of Egypt and is used in written media. Besides national language; English and French are also spoken by business class of the country.

WEATHER:

Days in Egypt are warm and nights are cool but the country has two seasons; winter season lasts from November to April and summer season lasts from May to October. There is no big difference between these two seasons but the only season is variations of daytime temperature. The minimum summer temperature is 14 C and maximum winter temperature is 30 C in Coastal regions whereas the minimum winter temperature in dessert areas is 0 C degrees and maximum summer temperature is 43C degree. Alexandria becomes most popular tourists spot in summer due to its cooler temperature as compare to other Egyptian cities. It receives the maximum rainfall i.e. 19 cm per year. Aswan received 10mm rainfall over the last five years and western desert receive almost no rainfall.